The whys and wherefores of waterless formulating

Jessica Dynda of US personal ingredient supplier Koster Keunen takes a comprehensive look at the opportunities and challenges of developing solid format products and what it takes to formulate reliable and stable products successfully

Newsworthy headlines have revealed our water scarcity on a global level. The summer of 2022 saw severe droughts on multiple continents, showing the gravity of the current water situation. In some areas of the world, low water lines were marked with omens from the past; stones and carvings on rocks that can only be seen when the water dips to harshly low levels.1  

These signs were seen in both Germany and the Czech Republic. They are called hunger stones,2 which act as a warning that severe drought for crops and people are ahead. Across in China, the Yangtze River dropped so significantly that 600-year-old Buddha statues have reemerged for the first time from the riverbeds.

Not all continents have carvings; their droughts are marked in other ways. France has had one of the worst droughts in their history which has reduced crops, will affect the amount of milk and cheese they produce, and has forced countrywide water restrictions.3

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